Friday, September 21, 2012

There's A Hole In the Bucket...

... actually it's a whole set of cracks, the handle-holding spot broke, and so I spilled my gathered produce as I dodged the ladder set by my back gate...

The bucket is plastic, of course, and it's been out in the sun and weather for more than a few seasons.  It originally held muffin batter, I think (the label is all worn off).

Anyway, the old bucket went into our plastic recycling -- and I picked up four much newer buckets of a similar size on the neighborhood boulevard.  They have metal bails and originally held drywall compound -- much sturdier!

I also brought home three glass jars for hold dried foods,  a former olive oil bottle whose dark green glass will perfectly hold a Christmas gift of fermented hot pepper sauce,  a Windex spray bottle, a 2.5 gallon water jug (it has a spout that comes off) for emergency water storage,  a gallon metal tin, and a shoebox sized filing box (with label holder).

I'm all for reuse over recycling!

Friday, September 14, 2012

Hot Mustard Relish

I came home after a week away to find all sorts of things ready to use in the garden: hot red peppers, cucumbers, tomatillos, zucchini, green beans. I made a batch of mustard pickles with red pepper and onions I had on hand with freshly gathered green beans, cucumbers, and tomatillos.

We liked the flavor of the mustard sauce so much, I decided to throw together a mustard relish heated by some of the hot red peppers.

Hot Mustard Relish Makes 9-11 half pint jars.
2-4 hot red peppers (even more if your peppers are somewhat mild or you like it really hot!) with seeds and membrane removed
2 sweet red peppers
1 sweet green pepper
6-8 tomatillos
6-8 cucumbers (if seedy, remove seeds)
3 cups chopped onions (3-4 med - to - large onions)
1/4 cup flour
2 tablespoons mustard powder
1/3 cup organic sugar (or light brown sugar)
4-6 teaspoons pickling salt (to taste)
1/2 teaspoon ground turmeric
1 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
1 1/4 cup white vinegar

I ran all the vegetables through my food processor. Add more tomatillos and cucumbers if needed to get a final quantity of a generous 8 cups. Taste for heat as you add the hot peppers and they blend through the vegetable mix. It is far easier to add more peppers than cope with a relish that is too hot!

Prepare your jars and lids. In a large stainless steel saucepan, combine the spices, sugar, salt, flour, and vinegar. Cook until thickened. Add the processed vegetables -- you may want to keep back some of your hot peppers so you can adjust the heat. Simmer gently for about five minutes to blend flavors and develop the relish's heat.

Ladle into hot jars, leaving a generous 1/2 inch head space. Process in a hot water bath for 15 minutes.

Wednesday, September 12, 2012

Tomato Stock

This is a pantry basic for me. I fire-roast my tomatoes and drain off liquid (see my post on passata) from them to make it. It certainly cuts down the boiling-down time to produce tomato sauce! I usually produce 1 pint of tomato stock for every 2 pints of tomato sauce (this is still some boiling down) I put up.

You can refrigerate the drained liquid for several days if you're accumlating it from several small batches of sauce making.

Recipe for Tomato Stock

12 cups of drained tomato liquid
2-3 cloves of garlic
1/2 c fresh basil
1 small onion, cut up
1-2 stalks of celery, cut up
1/2 c parsley
other herbs to taste: tarragon, hot pepper, oregano
Bottled lemon juice or citric acid for jars

Put 1 cup of the liquid in the blender. Add the seasoning ingredients. Puree.

Put the rest of the liquid into a pot. Add the seasoning puree. Salt to taste. Prepare your jars as you heat the stock to boiling; you can simmer it for 5 to 10 to develop flavours for your tasting and adjusting.

For each pint jar, use one tablespoon of lemon juice or 1/4 teaspoon of citric acid for acidification (double amount for quart jars). Pour stock into jars, seal, and process 35 minutes for pints, 40 minutes for quarts.

Monday, September 10, 2012

Fire-Roasted Passata

Passata from its Italian name: passata di pomodoro, when tomatoes have been "passed" through a sieve to remove seeds and lumps.

I bought a bottle of Del Monte passata this summer and really enjoyed its versatility and "closer to fresh" taste. Unadorned in the bottle, it combines well with any kind of pesto to make a sauce for pizza or pasta. It is thicker than tomato juice or canned tomatoes but not as thick as tomato paste.

Most home processing of tomatoes requires a boiling off of tomatoes to thicken their consistency for sauce. I use a method that involves fire-roasting, drainage, and passing through an Italian-type tomato press to remove the liquid.

Equipment: grill (with cover), tongs, large colander, bowl of sufficient size to hold the colander, masher (optional), spoon for scooping, pot or bowl for pulp transfer if you can't set your sieving device next to your draining setup, Italian tomato press (a large food mill would also work but is more effort), container to hold strained pulp.

Tomatoes and their washing: I use Roma tomatoes for all my preserving. I can obtain a bushel at a time from local grocers or the farmers market in my area. A quarter bushel will yield 6 to 8 pints of passata and 2-3 pints of tomato stock -- yield depends on tomato size and dryness (due to the season's weather). Ripe Romas make the best passata. They also roast quickly and pass through your sieving device easily. I wash the tomatoes in cool water to which I've added a tablespoon or two of vinegar. This will kill mold spores and bacteria on the tomatoes in case you have hold any of the steps over night.

Fire-roasting: I do this on a gas grill. It can be done on a charcoal grill as well -- I imagine there would be more "fire flavour" in the result. You can also roast tomatoes in the oven, but it's too hot where I live to do at the time of tomato harvest. I roast the tomatoes under cover until they are lightly browned on both sides or until they soften and begin to bubble a bit. You don't want them so soft that they fall apart as you lift them from the grill.

Draining: Put the tomatoes in a colander over a bowl. You want them to cool before putting them through your sieving device anyway. If properly cooked, they will flatten on themselves and begin to release some of their juice. Stir to promote this; mashing also helps. I let one batch drain while I load my grill with the next batch.

Sieving: Once the roasted tomatoes have reduced in volume by a quarter to a third, spoon into your sieving device or the vessel to transfer the pulp to your sieving device. Your device will take out the seeds and skins (which can be composted) and leave you with an unseasoned puree of sauce consistency.

Don't throw out the juice you drained. It makes a wonderful gazpacho base or canned tomato stock for winter soups.

Processing: Once you've sieved all your tomatoes, measure the puree to determine how many jars you'll need. Prepare them and heat the puree just to boiling. Put a tablespoon of bottled lemon juice in each pint jar (double it for quarts), fill with puree with at least a half inch head space. Process pints for 35 minutes, quarts for 40.

Saturday, September 8, 2012

Orangey Canned Beets

I bought beets because I want them for winter. I also wanted them with an orangey flavour. This was going to be easy to do because I have dried orange peel and some orange oil. I thought caraway would be nice too and I threw in some green peppercorns for a bit of a bit.

Recipe for Orangey Canned Beets

8 cups cooked, peeled, sliced beets
3 cups white vinegar
2/3 c water
1/2 c organic sugar (more if you really have a sweet tooth)
1 tablespoon dried orange peel
2 tablespoons caraway seeds
2 teaspoons green peppercorns
a few drops of orange oil if you have (to taste)

Put your peel, caraway and peppercorns in a large tea ball or a cheese cloth bag. Place in pot with the vinegar, water, and sugar. Bring to a boil and simmer for 15 minutes (prepare your jars while doing this). Add orange oil to taste if using.

Take out the spices and add the beets to the vinegar brew. Bring to a boil. Put in jars, leaving at least 1/2 inch headspace once topped up with brew. For pints, process 30 minutes. I had quarts, so I processed 35.

Thursday, September 6, 2012

Drying Beets

These dried in less than twelve hours in my electric dehydrator -- do it overnight while the power rates are low here in Ontario!

Wash your beets but leave roots and up to two inches of top intact so they don't bleed as much.
Place larger beets in the first layer in your pot and then place smaller ones on top. Cook until you can easily stick a knife into them. The smaller ones will cook quicker, so take those out first. Douse in cold water and slip the skins off.

Slice the beets horizontally 1/8 inch thick. You might want to cut large beets in half from top to bottom before slicing them. They shrink considerably as they dry, so if you want "chips" you'll want to have whole slices.

Lay them on your drying trays. Mine dried in less than twelve hours at 135 degrees F. I plan to use them for snacking, soups, and crushed for food colouring.

Tuesday, September 4, 2012

Putting Beets By

On Sunday I bought 10 pounds of beets at the local Farm Boy. Nice medium-sized beets.

That evening I cooked up two 6 qt pots full. One pot went into my electric food dryer (6 trays full!) and the other pot was peeled and sliced for refrigerator storage overnight.

You can see how much less storage dried takes over canned!

Saturday, September 1, 2012

Hot Pepper Update

These beauties are fattening up and reddening nicely.  Pickled pepper rings for pizza and burgers, here we come!

I've got four bushes like this.

The four jalapeno bushes are loaded with fat ones as well.  I'm hoping some will redden for making my own chipoltes.

This Year's Jazzy Labels

You can make great labels if you have a colour laser printer,  Inkscape, and Broderbund collection of clip art and fonts.  With IrfanView you can even swap colours on things like frames.  With GIMP you can make the "white" in your clip art transparent so you can layer things like pepper pictures on frames.

I print on plain multi-purpose paper.  I use school glue to glue them on to the jars (after they've cooled from water-bath processing).  A little soaking is all it takes to get them after the jars are emptied -- much nicer to deal with than the sticky adhesive on Avery labels or the labels that come with canning jars.

The Thick of Canning Season

The date when I can get bushels of regional Roma tomatoes, sweet red peppers, and peaches from my grocer down the road came early this year, so I'm doing my heavy canning in mid-August rather than the end of it (and sometimes right into the Labor Day weekend).

Friday: 20 pints Zesty Tomato Sauce, 16 pints Tomato Stock, 7 pints Rummed Peaches.

Saturday:  6 quarts Pickled Sweet Peppers, 6 quarts Jardiniere,  began drying peppers, roasted peppers

Sunday:   3 pints and 5 half-pints Roasted Red Pepper Sauce, 7 half pints Peach Salsa, 7 pints Fire-Roasted Passata.  Jarred up 3 pints of dried sweet peppers.

Monday: 9 pints Melba-Brandied Peaches, 5 pints 6-Pepper Hellish Relish, 6 half-pints Bumbleberry Sauce.  Jarred up two more pints of dried sweet peppers and a pint of dried sweet cherries.

The major shelf got filled.